Contact : +91 00000-55555

Santorini is an explosion of a volcano. The Mystery of Atlantis. Greece.

Санторин.

The death of the Minoan civilization or Atlantis?

About 3,700 years ago, the greatest disaster in European history occurred - the eruption of a volcano on the island of Santorini. It was 50 times more powerful than the eruption of Vesuvius. The roar of his explosion was heard over 3000 km. About 35 cubic kilometers of lava and ash were thrown into the atmosphere. The climate has changed even in China. According to the ancient Chinese "Bamboo Annals", the sun was dim, and the yellow fog spread over the earth. Even in July there were frosts and three years were lean.


During the eruption formed a huge tsunami. Its height reached up to 200 meters in height. The wave caused huge damage to the coastal areas of the Aegean Sea and the eastern Mediterranean. But the Minoan civilization suffered most from the cataclysm. Her center was the island of Crete, which was in the immediate vicinity of Santorini. A huge wave destroyed everything that was on the island.


Eruptions of this magnitude occur on Earth on average once in a thousand years. Thus, over the past 5 thousand years, 5 eruptions have occurred on the whole Earth. All in their power were comparable or exceeded the explosion of Santorini. But the eruption of Santorini occurred in the center of the well-known civilized world. And the largest explosion of the volcano in the last 10 thousand years was the eruption of Tambora (in Indonesia) in 1815. The amount of ash thrown into the atmofer is estimated at 100 cubic kilometers.


As for Santorini, his explosion unambiguously led to the decline of the Minoan civilization. In addition, some scientists hypothesized that the volcano could be the cause of the death of Atlantis. Also a version appeared that the island of Crete was Atlantis. This version was based on the excavated in Crete magnificent palaces and cities. In addition, the infrastructure of cities and the level of construction was at a very high level, for its time. Subsequent discoveries make us reconsider this view.


In 1967, the archaeologist Marinatos began excavations in the south of Santorini, near the small village of Akrotiri. It was not easy. In some places on the island, the thickness of the volcanic ash layer reaches 50 meters. Nevertheless, the archaeologist was accompanied by luck. Under the layer of ash, a Minoan settlement was discovered with stone two-story houses, straight streets, an excellent water supply and sewage system. And everything was in perfect condition. This find has become one of the most significant archaeological discoveries of the 20th century.


But the most interesting was another. The fact is that during the archaeological excavations and study of the geology of Santorina, Santorin's similarities with Plato's description were manifested. And the theme of the work of Plato was Atlantis.


Matches Santorina with the description of Atlantis in Plato.

1)According to Plato, the capital of Atlantis was a set of concentric rings of water and earth. In the center, on the round island, there were the main buildings - temples, the royal palace. The size of the outer island ring was about 20 km. Scientists carried out the reconstruction of Santorini on the basis of new data. As a result, it turned out that before the eruption the island represented a ring of round shape. And most importantly, its diameter was then 20 kilometers. Also this reconstruction showed that inside the ring there was a harbor and an island.


2)This assumption was confirmed in the images on the murals in Akrotiri. Most of them are similar to the frescoes of the Minoan Crete. But among them was found one that described the city and its surroundings. The fresco is called "Flotilla" and it depicts an island with high-rise buildings. Around the island there are waterways, and on the outside - the land with mountains, animals and trees. There are many ships in the harbor, which testifies to intensive international trade.

3)Another proof in favor of this version is Plato's description of the primary colors of Atlantis - white, black and red. Ironically, these colors really prevail on Santorini. Among the most popular beaches on the island, there are still "white", "black" and "red". They are named because of the volcanic rocks that formed them.

4)Plato also wrote that the high mountains protected Atlantis from the cold winds from the north. Indeed, before the explosion of the volcano in the northern part there were mountains that protected the island from the northern winds.

5)Among the animals in Atlantis, Plato mentioned bulls, dolphins, deer and elephants. Bulls took a special place among the Atlanteans. It was they who sacrificed their gods. Here you can compare with the civilization in Crete. There bulls were also the main ones in culture, rituals and sports games. Dolphins and deer are also often found on Minoan frescoes. The truth with elephants is not very clear. But maybe they were at the zoo.


Nonconformities.

1) The main inconsistency with the description of Atlantis in Plato is its location. Plato placed it outside the "Herculean pillars", that is, after Gibraltar. But in those days the Hercules pillars could mean simply "the far west." And Santorini is neither west nor west.

2) Comet of Atlantis according to Plato was an entire continent, the size of "more than Libya and Asia." The islands of Santorini and Crete, by their size, do not in any way resemble the continent.

As we see, inconsistencies are very large. But does this mean that the eruption of Santorini was not a prototype of the legend of Atlantis? Of course not. Too many factors indicate the relationship of these two events. The explosion of Santorini was indeed a huge catastrophe. The memory of this event has remained for many centuries, even in places far from the epicenter of the catastrophe. But the end of the whole civilization, this explosion was not. In addition, after him the Minoan culture lasted another 200 years. So this issue remains open to this day.


Table of contents.



--UP--